Retrospective study of tumor and tumor like lesions of the bone-Tertiary center experience

Authors : Jayanthi K.J, Niranjan Gowda M.R

DOI : 10.18231/j.achr.2019.023

Volume : 4

Issue : 2

Year : 2019

Page No : 124-127

Introduction: Bone tumors are important contributors for morbidity and mortality. Our hospital being, trauma and orthopedic institution, many orthopedic cases are referred to our center. We have done this study to determine the pattern of bone tumors, age and sex distribution, clinico pathological characteristics seen in our tertiary orthopedic Hospital.
Materials and Methods: The study comprised of bone tumors diagnosed from January 2014 to December 2018 at Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Trauma & Orthopedics, Bangalore. Clinical and radiological details were collected from the data register. Microscopic findings were analyzed on Hematoxylin and eosin stained sections. Special stains and immunohistochemistry were done wherever essential. The bone tumors were classified based on WHO classification of bone tumors.
Results: Of the 166 bone biopsies in a period of four years, 28 were malignant, 40 were benign and 14 were tumor like lesions. Most common age group was 11-20 years and were benign. Malignant tumors were common in 51-60 years age with male predominance and most of them were metastatic tumors.
Conclusion: Diagnosis of bone tumors and treating them effectively reduces the morbidity and mortality as most of the tumors were benign and common in boys of younger age group. Correlation of clinico radiological features are essential for the conclusive histopathological diagnosis. This helps in planning the treatment and knowing the prognosis of the tumor.

Keywords: Bone tumors, tumor like lesions, tertiary care hospital.

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