Review on phytochemical composition and pharmacological activities of Bixa orellana

Authors : Senthil Kumar Raju, Sabarainath Chandrasekar, Priyadharshini Vengadhajalapathy, Revathy Sundaram, Sangeetha Periyasamyy, Thatchayani Chinnaraj, Praveen Sekar, Shridharshini Kumar

DOI : 10.18231/j.jpbs.2022.012

Volume : 10

Issue : 2

Year : 2022

Page No : 57-67

Bixa orellana commonly known as Annatto is a lipstick tree belonging to the family Indigenous populations in Brazil and other tropical nations have employed for a variety of therapeutic purposes which is also known as "". The essential natural apocarotenoid obtained from seeds namely bixin is broadly applied as a cosmetic and textile colorant. The carotenoids, which contribute to more than 80% of the annatto seed coat are responsible for the color orange-red. It is well known for its medicinal value and as a coloring agent. Annatto is used in food dye, body paint and the treatment of heartburn and it also reduces inflammation and blood sugar. The various parts of this plant has been reported to show many therapeutic indications like anti-bacterial, anti-hyperglycaemic, anti-histaminic, anti-diarrheal, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activities. Carotenoids, apocarotenoids, terpenes, terpenoids, sterols and aliphatic compounds are the main compounds found in all parts of this plant. The various annatto plant parts have been utilized in traditional medicine for both the prevention and treatment of a variety of health issues. This review aimed to report the primary evidence found in the literature, concerning the pharmacological activities and phytochemical studies related to . Regarding its application in food, cosmetics, leather, solar cells and other industries, significant research has already been done and is presently being conducted. This review demonstrates the well-studied pharmacological effect that might be relevant for the upcoming creation of a novel therapeutic medication.

Keywords: Bixa orellana, Annatto, Bixin, Carotenoids, Pharmacological Activity

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