Cross sectional analytical study – Analytical morphometric study of dry femur in South Gujarat

Authors : Utsavi Devang Desai, Alka Udania, Purvi Desai, Haripriyanka Kotha, Shino Shajan

DOI : 10.18231/j.ijcap.2022.053

Volume : 9

Issue : 4

Year : 2022

Page No : 252-256

Background: The femur is the longest, heaviest, and strongest bone in the human body. Morphometric study of femur can be useful for estimation of stature, prediction of femur fractures/pathologies, operative management as well as for determination of congenital anomalies.
Materials and Methods: 250 dry femur bones collected from bone Store, Government Medical College, Surat, Gujarat with study done over a period of 6 months. Total length of each femur and the Foraminal Index (FI) for each nutrient foramina were obtained.
Results: The mean total length of femur obtained was 41.22 cms. Torsion angle for both right sided as well as left sided femurs was most common in the range 11 - 14. 39.7% (48) of the total right sided femurs (121) had a torsion angle in the range 11 - 14 while 41.9% (54) of the total left sided femurs (129) also had a torsion angle in the range 11 - 14. Maximum number had a neck shaft angle in the range of 123 - 127 which constitutes 41.6% (104) of total sample size. Nutrient foramina was most commonly (48.8%) along linea aspera with most had a size corresponding to 22 gauge, which constitutes 45.7% (119) of total sample size.
Conclusion: Morphometric study of femur helps us to determine various factors which could be helpful for prediction, prevention and diagnosis of a certain pathology as well as for its management and treatment.

Keywords: Femur anatomy, Nutrient foramina, Torsional angle, Neck shaft angle.

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