Socio-demographic profiling of cases of acute poisoning in patients admitted in emergency ward of S. N. medical college, Agra

Authors : Shailesh Kumar Gupta, Shailesh Kumar Gupta, Ajay Agrawal, Ajay Agrawal, Richa Gupta, Richa Gupta, Vaibhav Sharma, Vaibhav Sharma

DOI : 10.18231/j.ijfmts.2019.018

Volume : 4

Issue : 3

Year : 2019

Page No : 82-85

Introduction: Poisoning is one of most common cause of mortality. In India 50000 deaths occurs due to poisoning every year.
Aim: To identify and compare the socio-demographical profile and outcome in poisoning patients presenting to the Emergency ward of S.N. Medical College, Agra.
Materials and Methods: The record-based cross-sectional study was conducted for a period of 1 year in the emergency wards. The demographic data, hospital admission variables and outcomes were collected from medico-legal records and bead-head-tickets of patients obtained from the hospital record section. Analysis was used to find the interaction between the socio-demographic and hospital admission variables in association with outcomes of poisoning.
Results: A total 27412 patients are admitted in emergency department of S. N. Medical College, Agra during period from January 2018 to December 2018, out of which for 5924 patients medico legal examination done. Out of them a total of 768 patients were admitted with acute poisoning. The mean of patient’s age was 28.67. Males (64.2%) were dominant over Females (35.8%). Incidents of poisoning were predominant in married (50%), residing in urban region (51.5%), belongs to middle (20-40yrs) age-group (66.7%). Patients with mild symptoms were 38.54%, 58.3% moderate and severe symptoms 3.1%. Majority of the patients recovered (83.8%) whilst 2.8% died.
Conclusion: socio-demographical distribution of cases depends on various factors which can be used for reduction of incidences of poisoning cases by counselling and other interventions as most of poisoning cases occurs in middle age group married men residing in urban region may be due to domestic dispute, job related problems, financial losses etc.

Keywords: Poisoning, Sociodemographic profile, Agra, Uttar Pradesh.

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