Surgical modalities of obstructive sleep apnea in adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Authors : Ashwini Chhapane, Ashwini Chhapane, Kavita Wadde, Kavita Wadde, Sanpreet Singh Sachdev, Sanpreet Singh Sachdev, Jayant Landge, Jayant Landge, Maroti Wadewale, Maroti Wadewale, Sandip Rathod, Sandip Rathod

DOI : 10.18231/j.jdp.2022.033

Volume : 4

Issue : 4

Year : 2022

Page No : 154-161

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common condition frequently observed among males aged 40 to 65 years that may lead to early mortality.In the present systematic review, we have looked into the various surgical modalities used for the treatment of OSA and their success on the basis of the pre-operative and post-operative apnea-hypopnea index. The systematic review protocol is registered on the PROSPERO database (Reg ID: CRD42020153323). Studies conducted from June 2000 – June 2020 on OSA patients treated by surgery in the age group of 20-65 years and evaluating the impact of surgery on adult OSA patients were included in the review. Studies were collected from PubMed via MEDLINE, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials till June 2020, in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. A total of 17 articles were identified and two of them were eligible for meta-analysis. According to our meta-analysis, the results indicate that the treatment group had a more beneficial outcome as compared to the control group.

Keywords: Airway obstruction, Oropharyngeal Surgery, Apnea­hypopnea Index

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