Clinical profile and outcomes of descemetopexy in descemet membrane detachment (DMD) post-cataract surgery

Authors : Harshika Chawla, Vishal Vohra, Asif Khan, Monika Bareja

DOI : 10.18231/j.ijceo.2021.096

Volume : 7

Issue : 3

Year : 2021

Page No : 482-485

Purpose: To identify the preoperative risk factors, type of cataract surgery, cataract grade, and final visual outcome in patients undergoing descemetopexy for DMD.
Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study in which records of patients who underwent descemetopexy with either air or 20% sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) between 1st July 2014 and 30th June 2017. Grade of cataract, type of surgery, visual outcomes, and site of DMD were recorded.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 63.21 ± 5.8 years. Of the total 23 cases undergoing descemetopexy, 20 cases (87%) were after manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS) and three cases (13%) were post phacoemulsification. The mean duration of presentation with a detachment was 13.03± 10.9 days (1-40 days). The most common types of DMD were total (34.8%) followed by temporal (30.4%) and superior (26.1%). Two patients (8.6%) obtained LOGMAR visual acuity (VA) of 0.0 and 5 of 23 patients (21.7%) achieved LOGMAR VA 0.3 after descemetopexy. Reattachment rates were 87% and three cases had reintervention.
Conclusions : This study identifies mature cataract and pre-existing corneal pathology as major risk factors for DMD during cataract surgery. DMD can be treated effectively and good visual outcome after successful descemetopexy.

Keywords: Descemet’s membrane detachment (DMD), Descemetopexy.

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