Prevalence of DFU among diabetic patients and its management

Authors : Amit Kumar, S. Sai Prasanna, R. Charishma, R. Satya Divya, R. V. V. Sowjanya

DOI : 10.18231/j.ijpp.2021.046

Volume : 8

Issue : 4

Year : 2021

Page No : 258-262

Objective: To study the prevalence of DFU among diabetic patients and the management of DFU among diabetic patients.
Design: Prospective observational study.
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in inpatients with diabetes of all departments and inpatients with diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) of surgical department of age 20 to 80 of both genders with sample size 150 were included from September 2019 to march 2020.
Results: The prevalence of DFU among diabetic patients was 16%. Among them more diabetic cases were seen in age group of 50-59 and DFU in 40-49 and More diabetic cases are observed in male compared to female. DFU observed equally and the most common causative organism for DFU was staphylococcus aureus followed by proteus species, klebsiella and pseudomonas aeruginosa and more cases of DFU were noticed in diabetic patients with duration of 6-10 years. As the main cause of DFU is infection the primary treatment is anti microbial therapy and the most prescribed class of antibiotics is cephalosporins followed by nitroimidazoles, penicillins, oxazolidinones, lincosamides etc. surgical procedures like debridement, amputation and sometimes both were done in 9,14,1 patients respectively.
Conclusion: Our study revealed the information regarding the prevalence of DFU among diabetic patients is due to lack of knowledge and uncontrolled diabetes may develop poor circulation which leads to wound that may heal slowly which leads to DFU.

Keywords: DFU, Diabetes, Debridement, Amputation, Antimicrobial Therapy, Antibiotics

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