Intrusion of mandibular incisors using single mini-implant –A finite element study

Authors : Nikita Agarwal, Sangamesh Fulari, Samidha Suryavanshi

DOI : 10.18231/j.ijodr.2022.042

Volume : 8

Issue : 4

Year : 2022

Page No : 245-248

Introduction: A deep bite is a complex orthodontic problem that is a common feature of many malocclusions. Depending on the diagnosis, a deep overbite can be corrected. Mini implants can be used for the true intrusion of anterior teeth. FEA is a computer based numerical simulation technique used to calculate deflection, stress and displacement.
Aims and Objectives: To analyze stress distribution pattern and displacement of mandibular incisors when intrusive forces are applied using three dimensional finite element analysis. To compare intrusion of lower anterior teeth when ‘V’ pattern force and straight vertical pattern force are applied.
Materials and Methods: A three dimensional finite element model was constructed to simulate mandibular teeth, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. The displacement of individual tooth (central and lateral incisors) on three-dimensional planes and the von Mises stress distribution were compared.
Results: Intrusive forces when applied to four mandibular anterior teeth remarkable tipping of the labial segment was seen when straight vertical elastics were used as compared to the ‘V’ shaped elastics.
Conclusion: Within the limits of this study, predictable intrusion with minimum labial tipping is seen using single implant using V pattern elastics.

Keywords: Intrusion, Mini implant, Finite element study

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