Histopathological spectrum of neoplastic tumours of female reproductive system –A two year study in a rural tertiary care centre in India

Authors : Nikhilesh Kumar, Nikhilesh Kumar, Megha Bansal, Megha Bansal, Honey Bhasker Sharma, Honey Bhasker Sharma, Monika Gupta, Monika Gupta, Poornima Mishra, Poornima Mishra

DOI : 10.18231/j.jdpo.2019.026

Volume : 4

Issue : 2

Year : 2019

Page No : 134-137

Aim: This study summarises the frequency of occurrence of various neoplastic lesions (benign and malignant) of the female reproductive system which includes uterus, cervix, ovaries, vagina, vulva and breasts in a rural tertiary care center in a period of two years.
Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study carried out in TSM medical college, Lucknow. Two hundred and twenty three formalin fixed surgical specimens of female reproductive system from Sep 2016 to Sep 2018 were subjected for histopathological examination under light microscopy. All neoplastic lesions were included and non-neoplastic lesions were excluded from the study.
Result: A total of 223 cases representing various neoplastic lesions of female reproductive system were studied. Out of which 186 were benign and 37 were malignant. Among total neoplasms 71 cases were from breast, 12 cases were from cervix, 102 were from uterus, 37 cases were from ovaries and 1 case from vulva. Out of benign, majority were from uterus 98 cases (all leiomyomas). Out of malignant, maximum cases were of Infiltrating Ductal Carcinoma breast (10 cases) followed by cervical cancer (8 cases) and then carcinoma ovary (5 cases) followed by carcinoma endometrium (4 cases).
Conclusion: Benign tumour, leiomyoma is the commonest neoplasm in female reproductive system. Infiltrating ductal carcinoma breast is the commonest malignant tumour followed by cervical carcinoma.

Keywords: Benign tumour, Leiomyoma, Malignant tumour, Infiltrating ductal carcinoma breast.

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